ADHD or attention deficit hyperactive disorder is a mental disorder where children are unable to focus on anything. This affects both school and home life. It is the most commonly diagnosed mental disorder that occurs in children and adolescent. It is known to affect around 39 million people.
There are various treatments across the world that is used to treat ADHD.There are certain signs that allow ADHD to be diagnosed. Further it can be divided into 3 categories. They are known as predominant inattentive, predominant hyperactive impulsive and combined type. Usually someone with the inattentive type of ADHD is easily distracted and may switch from activity to activity.
Further they cannot keep focus, easily bored, seem to ignore when spoken to, they don’t follow anything and are easily confused.Children than suffer from predominant hyperactive impulsive symptoms tend to be extremely restless, talk nonstop, always hyperactive, touching and playing with everything, cannot be in one place, touching and playing with everything, emotional bursts etc. Similarly a child with combined ADHD may have both symptoms. There are instances when ADHD overlaps with Dyslexia and it is quite common. There is a correlation between dyslexia and vision too. The child is unable to read or do homework resulting in bad grades.
Even though a child may act in a similar manner it doesn’t mean the child is suffering from ADHD. Sometimes the child may have to be taken to childrens behavioural optometrist. Similarly there are many associate disorders that overlap such as Tourette syndrome, oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, mood disorders, restless leg syndrome and sleep disorders to name a few.Most of the time, it is hard to determine the cause of ADHD. Usually there are many factors that could contribute to the disorder. There have been certain studies that have identified genetics plays a large role. Out of all the people who suffer from ADHD 1/3rd of the time the disorder is inherited from a parent.
Other factors include environment factors such as the food and drink the mother consumed when pregnant, neglect, abuse, brain injury etc. Similarly, poor educational system and or dysfunctional family may be other reasons. There are times when the child goes untreated the disorder continues into adulthood. Most children, who have the disorder, have fewer to no symptoms when reaching adulthood but for some it continues. This could result in depression, anxiety and even become bipolar. The disorder is left untreated most of the time. This is due to little to no awareness. There have been many projects that are undertaken to increase awareness. Every child deserves a normal and happy childhood.